Implantology is a specialized field of dentistry that deals with the implantation of dental implants as permanent solutions for patients with missing teeth. Dental implants are artificial roots that are surgically implanted into the jaw bone, on which prosthetic crowns, bridges or dentures are then mounted to replace missing teeth.

Implantology – what is the implantation process like?

In the first phase, a detailed assessment of the patient is performed, including an oral examination, X-rays and/or CT scans to assess the bone structure and determine whether the patient is suitable for an implant procedure. Based on the results of the assessment, the dentist or dental surgeon develops a personalized treatment plan, taking into account the individual needs of the patient.

In the next step, dental implants are surgically placed into the jaw bone. This procedure is performed using local anesthesia to keep the patient comfortable and minimize pain. After inserting the implants, it is sometimes necessary to wait for the bone to integrate well with the implants (a process called osseointegration). If necessary, after the procedure, the patient may receive temporary covers to be able to function normally during the healing process.

After the osseointegration process is completed, the patient returns to the dentist to fix permanent crowns, bridges or dentures on the implants.

Types of implants

  1. One-piece implants. These are implants that consist of one part – the implant head and the root. They are implanted directly into the bone.
  2. Two-piece implants. These are implants that consist of two parts – the implant head and a separate root. The head of the implant is implanted into the bone and the root is screwed in later.
  3. Multi-piece implants. These are implants that consist of several parts, such as the implant head, root and core. More complicated than one-piece and two-piece implants, but can be more durable.
  4. Settling implants. These are implants that are implanted into the bone and remain there permanently.
  5. Removable implants. These are implants that are implanted into the bone, but they remain mobile and can be removed by the patient.
  6. Latching tooth implants. These are implants that consist of an implant head and a special overlay with teeth. The cap snaps onto the head of the implant and can be replaced when the teeth wear out.

Implantology is an advanced solution for patients with tooth loss. Thanks to it, it is possible to restore the aesthetics of the smile, chewing function and maintain healthy jaw and mandible bones. It is a safe and effective procedure, but requires precision and experience on the part of the doctor. It is worth remembering that proper oral hygiene and regular check-ups with the dentist are crucial in maintaining a lasting implant effect.

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