Dental prosthetics is a branch of dentistry dealing with restoring the occlusion function and the aesthetics of the teeth. Through the use of various types of prostheses and prosthetic supplements. Her main goal is to restore patients’ healthy and beautiful smile. In addition, improving their quality of life by restoring their full ability to eat, talk and smile.

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Prosthetics – activities

Dental prosthetics involves many different activities, including:

  1. Filling tooth cavities – the use of amalgam, composite or ceramic fillings to supplement tooth cavities.
  2. Prosthetic crowns – the use of prosthetic crowns to restore the function of damaged teeth. Crowns can be made of various materials, such as metal, composite, porcelain, ceramic or resin.
  3. Prosthetic bridges – the use of prosthetic bridges to supplement missing teeth. Bridges are attached to healthy teeth next to the cavity. They provide the patient with a natural and convenient way to replace a missing tooth.
  4. Dentures – the use of removable or fixed dentures to supplement a larger number of missing teeth or their complete absence. Dentures can be made of different materials, such as acrylic, porcelain or metal.
  5. Dental implants – the use of dental implants to replace missing teeth. Implants are placed in the jaw bone and provide a stable and permanent replacement of the missing tooth.

Thanks to technological and medical progress, prosthetics today offers better and more advanced prosthetic solutions. They allow you to achieve excellent aesthetic and functional effects.

Prosthetics – history

The history of dental prosthetics dates back to ancient times. Already in ancient Egypt there were records of prosthetics, and there are also known cases of the use of dentures. In ancient Rome, surgeons implanted teeth made of animal or human bones, and used dentures made of ivory or wood.

In addition, during the Middle Ages in Europe, prosthetics was mainly practiced by goldsmiths and jewelers who created prosthetic crowns and bridges from metal or precious stones.

Then, at the beginning of the 19th century, the era of modern dental prosthetics began. In 1822, French dentist Alexis Duch芒teau developed the first removable denture. Soon after, American dentist Samuel Stockton developed the first fixed denture.

In addition, with the development of technology and materials, dental prosthetics became more and more advanced and complicated. In the 1950s, the first dental implants were introduced. In the 1970s, the first prosthetic crowns made of ceramic were introduced.

Today, dental prosthetics offers many advanced prosthetic solutions that allow patients to restore a beautiful smile and full bite function. Prosthetics has become an inseparable element of modern dentistry, and its importance in the treatment of diseases and injuries of the oral cavity and in restoring the occlusion function and the aesthetics of the teeth is invaluable.

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